Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Go to the next year in Calendar

In Year view in Calendar, press Command-Right Arrow to go to the next year.

Show flagged messages in Mail

In Mail, to show flagged messages, click Flagged in the Favorites bar, then choose a flag.

Open the previous tab in the Inspector sidebar in Keynote

In Keynote, press Shift-Control-Grave (`) to open the previous tab in the Inspector sidebar.

Add a shadow to an object in Pages

To add a shadow to a selected object in Pages, click the Style pane of the Format inspector, then click the disclosure triangle next to Shadow and choose an option.

Change the orientation of the video call window in FaceTime

In FaceTime, press Command-R during a call to change the portrait or landscape orientation of the video call window.

Drag and drop text onto Stickies to make a new note

In Stickies, drag and drop text from Mail, Messages, etc., onto the Stickies icon in your dock to instantly make a new sticky note containing that text.

Return to the app where you created a reminder in Reminders

In Reminders, to return to the app where you created a reminder, click the app icon to the right of the reminder name.

Import books from iTunes into iBooks

In iBooks, if you have books in iTunes that you want in iBooks, choose File> Move Books from iTunes to import them.

Take a picture of your screen in Preview

In Preview, to take a picture of all or part of your screen, choose File>Take Screenshot, then choose an option.

Rename an album in Photos

In Photos, to rename an album, click its name in the Albums list to select it, then click it again and type a new name.

View the user manual for your Mac

To view the user manual for your Mac, choose About This Mac under the Apple Menu, then click Support, then click User Manual.

Forward a message as an attachment in Mail

In Mail, to forward a message manually by attaching it to a new message, select the message to forward, then choose Message> Forward as Attachment.

Show or hide transit options in Maps

In Maps, to show or hide transit options, choose View> Transit Directions, then select or deselect a public transportation option, such as Bus, Rail, or Ferry.

Add a Find My Friends widget to Notification Center

In Notification Center, to add a Find My Friends widget to your Today view, click Edit, then select Find My Friends.

Quickly delete a list in Reminders

In Reminders, to quickly delete a list, swipe left over the list using two fingers, then click Delete.

Access other messages or mailboxes in full-screen view in Mail

In Mail, when composing a message in full-screen view, click outside the compose window to access other messages or mailboxes.

Close the Info window in Calendar

In Calendar, when viewing the Info window for a selected event, press the Escape key to quickly close the window.

Switch map views in Maps

In Maps, to switch map views, click Map, Transit, or Satellite in the toolbar, or press Command-1, Command-2, or Command-3, respectively.

Make text subscript in Numbers

In Numbers, press Control-Command-Minus (-) to make selected text subscript.

View presenter notes while playing your presentation in Keynote

In Keynote, to view presenter notes while playing your presentation on a connected display, click the Play button in the toolbar on your Mac, then click the Layout button and select Presenter Notes.

Search for clips in an event in iMovie

In iMovie, to search for clips in a selected event, type a name, media type, or keyword in the search field at the top of the event's window.

Quickly import a folder of pictures into Photos

To quickly import a folder of pictures into Photos, drop the folder onto the Photos icon in your Dock, then click the Import All New Items button in Photos.

Share a note in a Mail message in Notes

In Notes, to share a note in a Mail message, select the note, then click the Share button in the toolbar and select Mail.

Show the Arrange tools in their own separate window in Pages

In Pages, to show the Arrange tools in their own separate window, choose View> Show Arrange Tools.

Practice guitar chords in GarageBand

To practice guitar chords in GarageBand, choose File> New, then click Learn to Play in the Project Chooser, then double-click Chord Trainer.

Open a page in a new tab or window from Top Sites in Safari

In Safari, in Top Sites, press Command when clicking a page to open that page in a new tab (or a new window).

Set a specific size for a chart in Numbers

In Numbers, to set a specific size for a selected chart, click the Arrange tab at the top of the sidebar, then in the Size section, type values for Width and Height.

Add video to a presentation in Keynote

In Keynote, to add video to a presentation, drag and drop the video file from your computer to anywhere on a slide.

Rename a collection in iBooks

In iBooks, to rename a collection that you created, click its name in the Collections list, then press Return and type a new name.

Show contact photos in the message list in Mail

In Mail, to show pictures in the message list, choose Mail> Preferences, then click Viewing and select "Show contact photos in the message list".

Quickly switch views in Preview

In Preview, press Command-1, Command-2, or Command-3, to quickly switch to Continuous Scroll, Single Page, or Two Pages view, respectively.

Rename a custom template in Numbers

In Numbers, to rename a custom template, Control-click the template name in the My Templates section of the template chooser, then choose Rename from the pop-up menu.

Use Quick Help in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to use Quick Help, choose Help> Quick Help, then move the pointer over an item to show its name and function.

Keep the movie window on top of all other windows in iTunes

In iTunes, when playing video in a separate window, to keep the movie window in front of all open windows, choose iTunes> Preferences, then click Advanced and select "Keep movie window on top of all other windows".

Record a voiceover in iMovie

In iMovie, to open voiceover controls in the viewer to record a voiceover, press the V key, or choose Window> Record Voiceover.

Hide frequently visited sites in Favorites in Safari

In Safari, to hide frequently visited sites in Favorites if they are showing, choose Bookmarks> Show Frequently Visited in Favorites.

Auto-hide the menu bar

To auto-hide the menu bar, showing it only when the pointer is at the top of the screen, open System Preferences, then click General and select "Automatically hide and show the menu bar".

Pause a song in iTunes

In iTunes, to pause a song that is playing, press the Space bar.

Underline text in a PDF in Preview

In Preview, to underline text in a PDF, select the text, then Control-click the selected text and choose the Underline option from the pop-up menu.

Always create new presentations using a specific theme in Keynote

In Keynote, to always create new presentations using a specific theme, choose Keynote> Preferences, then click General and select the "Use theme" button and choose a theme.

Fit a movie to the screen in QuickTime Player

When viewing a movie in QuickTime Player, to fit the movie to the screen, choose View> Fit to Screen, or press Command-3.

Optimize movies for iOS in Pages

In Pages, to automatically convert movies so they'll play on iOS devices, do Pages> Preferences> General, then select "Optimize movies for iOS".

Crop to specific dimensions when cropping a photo in Photos

In Photos, to crop to specific dimensions when cropping a photo, click Aspect, then choose the aspect ratio you want to use.

Delete a selected file immediately in the Finder

In the Finder, to delete a selected file immediately, without putting it in the Trash first, hold Option, then choose File> Delete Immediately, or press Option-Command-Delete.

Bring the previous tab to the front in Safari

In Safari, press Shift-Command-Left Bracket to bring the previous tab to the front.

Set a reminder to be due tomorrow In Reminders

In Reminders, to set a reminder to be due tomorrow, Control-click to the right of its name, then choose "Due Tomorrow" from the pop-up menu.

Pause a movie playing on a slide in Keynote

In Keynote, when playing a QuickTime movie inserted on a slide, press "k" on your keyboard to pause the movie.

Show mouse clicks during a Screen Recording in QuickTime

In QuickTime Player, to show mouse clicks during a Screen Recording, click the Options pop-up menu next to the Record button, then choose "Show Mouse Clicks in Recording".

Change the duration of an all-day or multi-day event in Calendar

In Calendar, to change the duration of an all-day or multi-day event in Week or Month view, drag the left or right edge of the event.

Decrease note font size in Keynote

In Keynote, when viewing presenter notes while playing a presentation, press Command-Minus Sign (-) to decrease note font size.

Pin a website in Safari

When using tabs in Safari, to pin a website, drag the tab with the website you want to pin to the left side of the tab bar.

Quickly delete a note in Notes

In Notes, to quickly delete a note, swipe left over the note in the list of notes using two fingers, then click Delete.

Quickly create a Split View space in Mission Control

In Mission Control, drag a window onto the thumbnail of a full-screen app in the Spaces bar to quickly create a Split View space.

Create your own stationery template in Mail

In Mail, to create your own stationery template, format text and add images in a new message, then choose File> Save as Stationery.

Quickly select an entire row or column in Numbers

In Numbers, to quickly select an entire row or column in a selected table, click the lettered bar for the column or the numbered bar for the row.

Lower the range of the onscreen keyboard in GarageBand

In GarageBand, when playing a software instrument using the onscreen keyboard, click the small triangle to the left of the keys to lower the range by one octave.

Add a note in iBooks

In iBooks, to add a note, select some text, then choose Add Note from the pop-up menu.

Remove location info from a photo in Preview

In Preview, to remove location info from a photo, choose Tools> Show Inspector, then click the More Info (i) button, then click GPS and click "Remove Location Info".

Edit chart data in Numbers

In Numbers, to edit a chart's data references, select the chart, then choose Format> Chart> Edit Chart Data, or press Shift-Command-D.

Get directions in Contacts

In Contacts, to get directions from Maps to a selected contact's address, click an address label (Home, for example), then choose Get Directions.

Asked to select a location every time you download a file in Safari

In Safari, to be asked to select a location every time you download a file, choose Safari> Preferences, then click General and select "File download location: Ask for each download"

Send read receipts for iMessages in Messages

In Messages, to send read receipts for iMessages, choose Messages> Preferences, then click Accounts, then click your iMessage account and select "Send read receipts".

Reset the speed of a slowed down clip in iMovie

In iMovie, to reset the speed of a clip that you previously slowed down, select the clip, then choose Modify> Reset Speed.

Lock an object in Pages

In Pages, to lock an object to prevent moving, modifying, or deleting it, select the object, then choose Arrange>Lock, or press Command-L.

Duplicate a photo in Photos

To duplicate a photo in Photos, select the photo you want to copy, then choose Image> Duplicate 1 Photo, or press Command-D.

Strike through text in Mail

In Mail, to strike through selected text when writing a message, click the Format button (A) in the toolbar of the message window, then click the Strikethrough button.

Group slides in Keynote

In Keynote, to group slides in slide navigator view, drag one or more slides to the right to indent them in relation to the slide above.

Quickly scroll to the bottom of a page in Safari

In Safari, press Command–Down Arrow to quickly scroll to the bottom-left corner of a page.

Be notified when it's time to leave for events in Calendar

In Calendar, to automatically be notified when it's time to leave for events that contain a location, choose Calendar> Preferences, then click Alerts and select "Time to leave".

Show where a song file is located on your Mac in iTunes

In iTunes, to show where a selected song file is located on your Mac, choose File> Show in Finder, or press Shift-Command-R.

Set up a repeating event in Calendar

In Calendar, to set up a repeating event, double-click the event to view event details, then click the event's date, then click the Repeat pop-up menu and choose an option.

Quickly export a photo from Photos

In Photos, to quickly export a photo, drag the photo to your desktop.

Share thoughts and information about a book in iBooks

In iBooks, to share thoughts and information about a selected book, choose File> Share, then choose Facebook, Twitter, Messages, or Mail.

Connect two objects with a line in Numbers

In Numbers, to connect two objects with a line, select the objects, then Control-click them and choose "Add Connection Line" from the pop-up menu.

Quickly solo a track in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to quickly solo a track, select the track, then press S on your keyboard.

Be notified when it’s time to leave in Calendar

In Calendar, to automatically be notified when it’s time to leave for events that contain a location, choose Calendar> Preferences, then click Alerts and select "Time to leave".

Change hyphenation in iBooks

In iBooks, to change hyphenation, choose iBooks> Preferences, then click General and select or deselect "Auto-hyphenate words".

Find your cursor

To find your cursor in OS X El Capitan, rapidly shake your finger on the surface of your trackpad, or shake your mouse, to enlarge the pointer.

Rotate an annotation in Preview

In Preview on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, to rotate an annotation, select the annotation, then rotate using two fingers.

Select photos that are not adjacent to one another in Photos

In Photos, to select photos that are not adjacent to one another, select the first photo, then hold Command and click additional photos.

Copy the path to a file in the Finder

In the Finder, to copy the path to a file, Control-click the file, then hold the Option key down and choose "Copy as Pathname".

Show the 3D map view in Maps

To show the 3D map view in Maps, click the 3D button in the bottom-right corner of the map window, or press Command-0.

Exit full screen view in FaceTime

In FaceTime, when viewing a video call full screen, press the Escape key to exit full screen view.

AirPlay video from QuickTime Player

In QuickTime Player, click the AirPlay button in the playback controls to AirPlay compatible media to your HDTV via Apple TV.

Change the theme in Reader in Safari

In Safari, in Reader, to change the theme, click the letter button (aA) at the right end of the Smart Search field, then select a theme.

Get sports team info in Spotlight

In Spotlight in OS X El Capitan, type in your favorite sports team to get their latest score, standing, schedule, and more.

Create a reminder in Mail

In Mail, to create a reminder from selected text, Control-click the text, then choose Share> Reminders from the pop-up menu.

Add location information to a photo in Photos

In Photos, to add location information to a photo, double-click the photo to view it, then click the Info button in the toolbar and enter a location in the Location field.

Quickly hide the sidebar in Pages

In Pages, press Option-Command-I to quickly hide the sidebar on the right side of the Pages window.

Use two apps in Split View

To use two apps in Split View, click and hold the green button in top-left corner of an app window, then drag the window to either side of your screen.

Quickly access Mission Control from the desktop

In OS X El Capitan, drag an app's window to the very top of your screen to quickly access Mission Control from the desktop.

Add a checklist to a note in Notes

In Notes, to add a checklist to a note, click the Checklist button in the toolbar, or choose Format> Checklist.

Look up the definition for a word in a PDF in Preview

In Preview, to quickly look up the definition for a word in a PDF, Control-click the word, then choose "Look Up [word]" from the shortcut menu.

Group multiple objects on a page in Pages

In Pages, to group multiple objects on a page, shift-click to select the objects, then choose Arrange> Group, or press Option-Command-G.

Attach a vCard from Messages to an email in Mail

In Messages, drag a buddy from your Buddy List into a new email message in Mail to attach a vCard with their information to that message.

Go to the next field in the info window in Calendar

In Calendar, when viewing details for an event, press Tab to go to the next field in the info window.

Mark up a PDF attachment in Mail

In Mail, to mark up a PDF attachment in your message, move the pointer over the PDF attachment, then click the Action button and choose Markup.

Add notes in the Piano Roll Editor in GarageBand

When editing tracks using the Piano Roll Editor in GarageBand, Command-click anywhere in the Piano Roll Editor to add a note.

Use backdrops or video effects during a video chat in Messages

In Messages, to use backdrops or video effects during a video chat, click the Effects button, then select a backdrop or an effect.

Extend cell selection by one cell in Numbers

In Numbers, after selecting a cell in a table, press Shift and an arrow key to extend the cell selection by one cell.

Choose how to take a photo or record a video in Photo Booth

In Photo Booth, click the buttons in the bottom left corner to choose whether to take a sequence of four quick photos, a single photo, or a video.

Quickly clear all alignment guides on a slide in Keynote

In Keynote, to quickly clear all alignment guides on a slide, choose View> Guides> Clear All Guides on Slide.

Update books in your library in iBooks

In iBooks, to update books in your library (if any updates are available), click the Downloads button in the top-right corner, then choose the books to update, or click Update All.

Use automatic font activation in Font Book

In Font Book, to automatically activate fonts on your Mac whenever they are needed by an application, even if you haven't installed the fonts using Font Book, choose Font Book> Preferences, then select "Automatic font activation".

Zoom in or out in Photos

When viewing an individual photo in Photos, pinch open or closed to zoom in or zoom out.

Find a contact in Maps

In Maps, to find a contact, click the search field, click Favorites, then click All Contacts in the sidebar.

Remove an individual webpage from your history in Safari

In Safari, to remove an individual webpage from your browsing history, choose History> Show History, select the item to remove, then press Delete.

Invert the selection when cropping an image in Preview

When cropping an image in Preview, to remove everything outside of your selection, choose Edit> Invert Selection, then press Delete.

Extend the text selection by one character to the left in Pages

When typing in Pages, press Shift–Left Arrow to extend the text selection by one character to the left.

Show the visualizer in iTunes

In iTunes, to show the visualizer, choose View> Show Visualizer, or press Command-T

Always use Private Browsing in Safari

In Safari, to always use Private Browsing when opening Safari, choose Safari> Preferences, then click General and select "Safari opens with: A new private window".

Flip a study card over in iBooks

When using study cards in iBooks, to flip a card over, click the Flip Card button, or press the Space bar.

Uncheck all reminders in a completed list in Reminders

In Reminders, to uncheck all reminders in a completed list, Control-click the list in the sidebar, then choose "Uncheck All Reminders" from the pop-up menu.

Flip a photo vertically in Photos

In Photos, to flip a photo vertically, select the photo, then choose Image> Flip Vertical.

Show the bookmarks sidebar in Safari

In Safari, to show the bookmarks sidebar, choose View> Show Bookmarks Sidebar, or press Control-Command-1.

Quickly select an entire clip in iMovie

In iMovie, position your pointer over a clip in the timeline, then press X on your keyboard to quickly select the entire clip.

Set when your days start and end in Calendar

In Calendar, to set when your days start and end, choose Calendar> Preferences, then click General, then click the "Day starts" and "Day ends" pop-up menus and select a time.

Automatically highlight messages in a conversation in Mail

In Mail, to automatically highlight messages in a conversation, choose Mail> Preferences, then click Viewing and select "Highlight messages with color when not grouped".

Decline an incoming call and send an iMessage in FaceTime

In FaceTime, to decline an incoming call and send an iMessage instead, click the disclosure triangle next to Decline, then choose Reply with Message.

Make a presentation self-play in Keynote

In Keynote, to make a presentation self-play so it advances automatically, click the Document tab in the sidebar, then set Presentation Type to Self-Playing.

View an event's details in a separate window in Calendar

In Calendar, to view an event's details in a separate window, double-click the event, then drag the top edge of the event info window to where you want it.

Move the selected area when taking a screenshot

When using Command-Shift-4 to take a screenshot of part of your screen, press and hold the Space bar after dragging to move the selected area.

Show a chart's title in Numbers

In Numbers, to show a chart's title, Control-click the chart, then select "Show Title" from the pop-up menu.

Open the equalizer in iTunes

In iTunes, to open the equalizer, choose Window> Equalizer, or press Option-Command-E.

Open the enclosing folder for a folder in the Finder sidebar

In the Finder, to open the enclosing folder for a folder in the sidebar, Control-click the folder, then choose "Show in Enclosing Folder" from the pop-up menu.

Start an audio chat over FaceTime in Messages

In Messages, to start an audio chat over FaceTime, click Details in the Messages window, then click the Audio (telephone) button.

Adjust the baseline of text in TextEdit

In TextEdit, to adjust the baseline of text in documents, select the text, then choose Format> Font> Baseline and choose an option.

Filter loops in GarageBand

In GarageBand, click the pop-up menu at the top of the Loop Browser to filter loops, choose which loops to display, or display all available loops.

View photos by location in Photos

In Photos, to view photos by location, click Photos in the toolbar, then click the location name in the heading of a collection or moment.

Add a shadow to text in Pages

In Pages, to add a shadow to selected text, click Style in the Format inspector, then click the Advanced Options (gear) button, then select Shadow.

Navigate forward through an image gallery in iBooks

In iBooks on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, to navigate forward through an image gallery, move your pointer over the gallery, then swipe right.

View a file you received in Messages

In Messages, to view a file you received, double-click the file in the Messages window.

Select all of the transitions in a movie in iMovie

In iMovie, to automatically select all of the transitions in a movie at once, choose Edit> Select in Movie> Transitions.

Mark your messages with priority in Mail

When writing a message in Mail, if you need to indicate your message is important, choose Message> Mark, then choose a priority.

Automatically hide the Dock

To automatically hide the Dock when you are not using it, Control-click the separator in the Dock, then choose "Turn Hiding On" from the pop-up menu.

Move an object to the back in Keynote

In Keynote, to move a selected object to the very bottom of a stack of objects, choose Arrange> Send to Back, or press Shift-Command-B.

Share your Map image and link over AirDrop in Maps

In Maps, to share your Map image and link with another Mac user nearby over AirDrop, click the Share button in the toolbar, then choose AirDrop.

Jump to the last page of a multi-page PDF in Preview

In Preview, press Fn-Right Arrow to quickly jump to the last page of a multi-page PDF.

Quickly move to the end of the current text area in Numbers

In Numbers, press Command–Down Arrow to quickly move to the end of the current text area.

Show all preferences in System Preferences

In System Preferences, when viewing a specific preference pane, press Command-L to show all preferences again.

Quickly open a photo in Edit view in Photos

In Photos, to quickly open a selected photo in Edit view, press Return.

Set your status to Offline in all buddy lists in Messages

In Messages, to set your status to Offline in all buddy lists, choose Messages> My Status> Offline, or press Control-Command-O.

Change where downloads are saved in Safari

In Safari, to change where downloads are saved, choose Safari> Preferences, click General, then click the "Save downloaded files to" pop-up menu and choose a location.

Quickly show the sidebar in Pages

In Pages, press Option-Command-I to quickly show the sidebar on the right side of the Pages window if it is hidden.

Enter full-screen in Photo Booth

In Photo Booth, to enter full-screen, choose View> Enter Full Screen, or press Control-Command-F.

Hide a playing presentation in Keynote

When playing a presentation in Keynote, press "h" to hide the presentation and switch to the last app used.

Show the Up Next list in iTunes

In iTunes, to show the Up Next list, choose View> Show Up Next, or press Option-Command-U.

Move an event to another calendar in Calendar

In Calendar, to move an event to another calendar, Control-click the event, then choose a calendar from the pop-up menu.

Play a slideshow from an album in Photos

In Photos, to play a slideshow from an album, Control-click the album name in the sidebar, then choose "Play Slideshow" from the pop-up menu.

Repeat a search in Safari

To repeat a search in Safari, delete all text in the search field, then click the magnifying glass and select a recent search from the list.

Zoom out in GarageBand

In GarageBand, press Command-Left Arrow to zoom out.

Scroll down through a message in Mail

When reading a message in Mail, press the Space bar to scroll down through the message.

Announce when alerts are displayed on your Mac

To have your Mac speak the text in dialogs and alert messages, open System Preferences, click Dictation & Speech, then click Text to Speech and select “Announce when alerts are displayed”.

Export a vCard for an entire group in Contacts

In Contacts, to export a vCard for an entire group, Control-click the group, then choose "Export Group vCard..." from the pop-up menu.

Quickly show a detailed info window in Maps

In Maps, Option-click a location's pin on the map to quickly show its detailed info window.

Unhide all rows or columns in Numbers

In Numbers, to show all hidden rows or hidden columns in a selected table, choose Table> Unhide All Rows or Unhide All Columns.

Add an item to your sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to add an item to the Favorites section of your sidebar using your keyboard, select the item, then press Control-Command-T.

Change the clip size in iMovie

In iMovie, to change the clip size, click the Thumbnail Appearance (film strip) button in the timeline or browser, then drag the Clip Size slider.

Hide the Markup Toolbar in Preview

In Preview, to hide the Markup Toolbar if it is showing, click the Markup Toolbar button in the toolbar, or choose View> Hide Markup Toolbar, or press Shift-Command-A.

Mark a webpage saved in Reading List in Safari as read

In Safari, to mark an unread webpage saved in your Reading List as read, Control-click it in the list, then choose Mark as Read from the pop-up menu.

Remove highlighting in iBooks

In iBooks, to remove highlighting from highlighted text, click anywhere in the text, then choose "Remove Highlight" from the pop-up menu.

Import photos from an iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch in Preview

In Preview, to import photos directly from a connected (and unlocked) iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, choose File> Import from [device name].

Rotate a photo clockwise in Photos

In Photos, press Option-Command-R to rotate a selected photo clockwise.

Share an iCloud calendar in Calendar

In Calendar, to share an iCloud calendar, Control-click the iCloud calendar in your Calendar List, then choose "Share Calendar" from the pop-up menu.

Show one page of a PDF at a time in Preview

In Preview, when viewing a PDF with multiple pages, to show one page at a time, choose View> Single Page.

Add keywords to a TextEdit document

In TextEdit, to add keywords to a document which can be searched for later using Spotlight, choose File> Show Properties.

Add comments to a table in Pages

In Pages, to add comments to a table, select a table cell, then click Comment in the toolbar, or choose Insert> Comment.

See package shipping details in Mail

In Mail on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, tap a package tracking number once using three fingers to see its shipping details.

Display the slide number of the current slide in Keynote

In Keynote, press S on your keyboard when playing a presentation to temporarily display the slide number of the current slide.

Select additional columns in Numbers

In Numbers, after selecting a column in a table, press Shift–Right Arrow or Shift–Left Arrow to quickly select additional columns.

Export mailboxes in Mail

In Mail, to export mailboxes as .mbox packages, select one or more mailboxes in the Mail sidebar, then choose Mailbox> Export Mailbox.

Remove a pin that you dropped in Maps

In Maps, to remove a purple pin that you dropped, Control-click the pin, then choose "Remove Pin" from the pop-up menu.

Put a picture frame around a shape in Pages

In Pages, to put a picture frame around a selected shape, click Style in the Format inspector, then choose Picture Frame from the Border pop-up menu.

Rearrange items in Top Sites in Safari

In Safari, to rearrange items in Top Sites, drag a website's thumbnail to a different location.

Send a project or song to a nearby Mac in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to send a project or song to a nearby Mac using AirDrop, choose Share> AirDrop, then select Project or Song, then click Share.

Shorten a clip in the timeline in iMovie

In iMovie, to shorten a clip in the timeline by dragging, skim to the beginning or end of the clip, then drag the edge of the clip toward its center.

Show all books you purchased in iBooks

In iBooks, when browsing books in your library, to show all books you purchased, click Sort By, then choose Show iCloud Books.

Show split view in Photos

In Photos, to see other photos in a moment while you view a single photo, click the Split View button in the toolbar, or choose View> Show Split View.

Add an iTunes widget to Notification Center

To add an iTunes widget to your Today view in Notification Center, open System Preferences, click Extensions, click Today, then select iTunes.

Flip a shape or image vertically in Keynote

In Keynote, to flip a shape or image vertically on a slide, select the shape or image, then choose Arrange> Flip Vertically.

Collapse all enclosed mailboxes at once in Mail

In Mail, Option-click a mailbox's triangle in the mailbox list to collapse all of its enclosed mailboxes at once.

Move the Formula Editor in Numbers

In Numbers, when inserting a formula into a cell using the Formula Editor, to move the Formula Editor, drag its left side.

Show more details about a reminder in Reminders

In Reminders on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, tap a reminder once using three fingers to show more details about the reminder.

Connect two objects with a line in Pages

In Pages, to connect two objects with a line, select the objects, then Control-click them and choose "Add Connection Line" from the pop-up menu.

Find the original item for an alias

In the Finder, to find the original item for an alias, select the alias, then choose File> Show Original, or press Command–R.

Mark a message as junk in Mail

In Mail, to mark a message as junk, select the message, then click the Junk button in the Mail toolbar, or press Shift-Command-J.

Rotate left around a point in Maps

In Maps on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, to rotate left around a point, move your pointer over the point, then hold Option and drag left with two fingers.

Show automation curves in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to show the automation curve for a track, select the track, then press the A key on your keyboard.

Use classic layout in Mail

In Mail, to show messages across the bottom of the window, choose Mail> Preferences, then click Viewing and select "Use classic layout".

Add a person to a group chat in Messages

In Messages, to add a person to a group chat, select the group conversation, then click Details, then click Add Contact.

View the location of your Photos library

In Photos, to view the location of your Photos library in the Finder, choose Photos> Preferences, then click General, then click Show in Finder.

Customize the Presenter Display in Keynote

In Keynote, to customize the Presenter Display, including which items appear and the layout, choose Play> Customize Presenter Display.

Quickly change your desktop background

To quickly change the picture that’s displayed on your desktop, Control-click the desktop, then choose "Change Desktop Background" from the pop-up menu.

Annotate an image or PDF with a shape in Preview

In Preview, to annotate an image or PDF with a shape such as a circle, arrow, or star, show the Markup Toolbar, then click the Shapes button and select a shape.

Flash and hold a frame in iMovie

In iMovie, to insert a transition to white, and then fade in a freeze frame, select a clip in the timeline, then choose Modify> Flash and Hold Frame.

Show labels in satellite view in Maps

In Maps, to provide a hybrid view by showing labels in satellite view, click Satellite in the toolbar, then click the Show pop-up menu and choose Show Labels.

Choose when to remove items from History in Safari

In Safari, to choose when to remove items from History, choose Safari> Preferences, then click General and select an option for "Remove history items".

Show a book’s Thumbnail Table of Contents in iBooks

In iBooks, to show a book’s Thumbnail Table of Contents (if available), choose View> Show Thumbnails, or press Shift-Command-T.

Save the paper tape in Calculator

In Calculator, when showing the paper tape, to save the tape as a text file, choose File> Save Tape As, or press Shift-Command-S.

Play a video in a separate window in iTunes

In iTunes, to play a video in a separate window, start playing the video, then choose View> Video Playback> in Separate Window.

Add a file or folder to a note in Notes

In Notes, to add a file or folder to a note, drag and drop it onto the note.

Include a portion of an original message in a reply in Mail

When replying to a message in Mail, to include just a portion of the original message in your reply, first select the text to include, then click the Reply button.

Zoom in Photos

In Photos, press Z when viewing a photo to quickly zoom between the current zoom level and 100 percent.

See details and attachments in Messages

In Messages on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, tap a conversation in the sidebar using three fingers to see its details and attachments.

Wrap text in table cells in Numbers

In Numbers, to wrap text in table cells, select the cell, then click the Text tab in the Format inspector sidebar and select "Wrap text in cell".

Always create new documents from a specific template in Pages

In Pages, to always create new documents from a specific template, choose Pages> Preferences, then click General and click "Use template".

See a list of all commands in Terminal

In Terminal, press and hold the Esc key to see a list of all 1400+ possible Terminal commands.

Increase the size of the Contact Sheet thumbnails in Preview

In Preview on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, pinch open over the Contact Sheet window to increase the size of the thumbnails.

View full-page notation in a GarageBand lesson

When playing a lesson in GarageBand, to view notation in full-screen, two-page view, click the Notation View button in the upper right corner, then choose "Full Page" from the pop-up menu.

Look up a word in a definition in Dictionary

In Dictionary on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, to look up a word seen in a definition, tap the word once with three fingers.

Move a folder in Notes

In Notes, to move a folder that you created to another account, drag the folder from one account to another account in your folders list sidebar.

Add a link to an object on a slide in Keynote

In Keynote, to add a link to an object on a slide, Control-click the object, then choose "Add Link" from the pop-up menu.

Select the sound that plays when a message is received in Messages

In Messages, to select the sound that plays when a message is received, choose Messages> Preferences, then click General and select a sound for "Message received sound".

Add a location to Contacts from Maps

In Maps, to add a location to Contacts, find a location, click its pin, then click its Info (i) button and click "Add to Contacts".

Mark addresses that don’t end in a specified domain in Mail

In Mail, to show email addresses that don’t end in a specified domain in red, to help prevent sending messages to unintended recipients, choose Mail> Preferences> Composing> Mark addresses not ending with.

Play stereo audio tracks as mono audio

To make your Mac play stereo audio tracks as mono audio, open System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Audio and select "Play stereo audio as mono".

Export an image from Safari directly into Photos

In Safari, to export an image from a webpage directly into Photos, Control-click the image, then choose "Add Image to Photos" from the pop-up menu.

Bookmark a page in iBooks

In iBooks, to bookmark a page, move the pointer to the top of the book, then click the Bookmark button.

Restore recently deleted items in Photos

In Photos, to restore recently deleted items, choose File> Show Recently Deleted, then select the photos you want to restore and click Recover.

Add the Magnifier tool to the toolbar in Preview

In Preview, to add the Magnifier tool to the toolbar, choose View> Customize Toolbar, then drag the Magnify icon to where you want it to appear in the toolbar.

Duplicate a movie in iMovie

In iMovie, to duplicate a selected movie, choose Edit> Duplicate Movie.

Zoom in Numbers

In Numbers, press Shift-Command-Period (.) to zoom in.

Mark a movie as unwatched in iTunes

In iTunes, to mark a movie as unwatched, Control-click the movie, then choose "Mark as Unwatched" from the pop-up menu.

Change the color of text in Pages

In Pages, to change the color of selected text, show the Format inspector, then click the Style tab, then click the color well (or color wheel) and choose a new color.

Reload a tab in Safari

In Safari, to reload a tab, Control-click the tab in the tab bar, then select "Reload Tab" from the pop-up menu.

Adjust playback volume for a movie in Keynote

In Keynote, to adjust playback volume for a selected movie on a slide, show the Format inspector, then click the Movie tab, then drag the volume slider.

Make text normal size in Messages

In Messages, if you have increased or decreased the size of text, to reset it back to normal, choose View> Make Text Normal Size.

Search for loops by name in GarageBand

In GarageBand, in the Loop Browser, to search for loops by name, enter a search term in the search field, then press Return.

Enter full screen view in iBooks

When reading a book in iBooks, press Control-Command-F to enter full screen view.

Add a song to your Up Next list in iTunes

In iTunes, to add a song to your Up Next list, drag the song to the top-center of the iTunes window.

Map an address in Contacts

In Contacts, to map an address for a selected contact, place the pointer over an address label (Home, for example), then click the blue map pin that appears.

Hide the 3D map view in Maps

In Maps, to hide the 3D map view if it is showing, click the 3D button in the bottom-right corner of the map window, or press Command-0.

Compare photos before and after editing in Photos

When editing a photo in Photos, to compare the edited version with the original, hold down the M key to see the original photo.

Enter song lyrics in iTunes

In iTunes, to enter song lyrics, select a song, then choose File> Get Info, then click Lyrics and enter the words to the song.

Quickly make an alias of an item in the Finder

In the Finder, press and hold Command-Option while dragging a file, folder, or application to quickly make an alias of the dragged item.

Create a new collection from selected books in iBooks

In iBooks, to create a new collection from selected books in your library, Command-click books to select them, then choose File> New Collection from Selection.

Distribute objects horizontally in Keynote

In Keynote, to position objects with equal spacing along a horizontal axis, select three or more objects, then choose Arrange> Distribute Objects> Horizontally.

View your favorites in Maps

In Maps, to view your favorites, click the search field, then click Favorites, then click Favorites in the sidebar.

Mark all messages in a mailbox as read in Mail

In Mail, to mark all messages in a mailbox as read, Control-click the mailbox in the Mail sidebar, then choose "Mark All Messages as Read" from the pop-up menu.

Play video in a continuous loop in iMovie

In iMovie, to play video in a continuous loop, choose View> Loop Playback, or press Command-L.

Delete a sheet in Numbers

In Numbers, to delete a sheet, move the pointer over the right side of the sheet's tab, then click the arrow that appears, then choose Delete.

Sort your library by most recently read books in iBooks

In iBooks, to sort your library, putting the books you read most recently at the top, click Sort By, then choose Most Recent.

Hide the mini calendar in the sidebar in Reminders

In Reminders, to hide the mini calendar if it is showing, choose View> Show Calendar, or press Option-Command-K.

Close the equalizer in iTunes

In iTunes, to quickly close the equalizer if it is open, press Option-Command-E.

Determine whether a website is encrypted in Safari

In Safari, to determine whether a website is encrypted, look for an encryption icon (padlock) in the address and search field.

Mark a photo as a favorite in Photos

In Photos, to mark a photo as a favorite, select the photo, then choose Image> Add to Favorites, or simply press Period (.).

Insert a page count in Pages

In Pages, to insert a page count indicator into a document, click where you want to put it, then choose Insert> Page Count.

See items in an index sheet view using Quick Look

When using Quick Look to preview multiple items at once, press Command-Return to see the items in an index sheet view.

Turn on or off the metronome in GarageBand

To turn on or off the metronome in GarageBand, click the Metronome button in the control bar, or press K on your keyboard.

Go to the next page in iBooks

When reading a book in iBooks, press Space to go to the next page.

Show the Address panel in Calendar

In Calendar, to show the Address panel, choose Window> Address Panel, or press Option-Command-A.

Display attachments as an icon in Mail

In Mail, to display attachments as an icon, Control-click an attachment, then choose "View as Icon" from the shortcut menu.

Trim unwanted frames from a clip in iMovie

In iMovie, to trim unwanted frames from a clip, select the range of frames to keep, then Control-click the clip and choose Trim Selection, or press Option-/.

Save a favorite location in Maps

In Maps, to save a favorite location, click the location’s pin, then click its Info (i) button and click "Add to Favorites".

Set an album's key photo in Photos

In Photos, to set an album's key photo, representing the album in the Photos window, open the album, then select a photo and choose Image> Make Key Photo, or press Shift-Command-K.

Select a bullet and its text in a bulleted list in Keynote

In Keynote, when working with a bulleted list, click any bullet to quickly select both the bullet and its associated text.

Remove a custom backdrop image from Photo Booth

In Photo Booth, to remove a custom backdrop image from a User Backdrop effects pane, click the effect to select it, then press Delete.

Show the Reading List sidebar in Safari

In Safari, to show the Reading List sidebar, choose View> Show Reading List Sidebar, or press Control-Command-2.

Password-protect a PDF in Preview

In Preview, to restrict access to a PDF by encrypting it with a password, choose File> Export, then select Encrypt, and enter a password.

Turn off Notes for an account

In Notes, to turn off Notes for an account, choose Notes>Accounts, select the account, then deselect the Notes checkbox.

Delete a photo, video, or file from a conversation in Messages

In Messages, to delete a photo, video, or file sent or received in a conversation, Control-click it, then choose Delete from the pop-up menu.

Resize a table proportionally in Numbers

In Numbers, when resizing a selected table, to resize it proportionally, Shift-drag the white square in the bottom-right corner.

Include contacts’ images when you export vCards in Contacts

In Contacts, to include your contacts’ images when you export contacts as vCards, choose Contacts> Preferences, then click vCard and select "Export photos in vCards".

Show the paper tape in Calculator

In Calculator, to show a running list of your calculations, choose Window> Show Paper Tape, or press Command-T.

Add a background color to a paragraph in Pages

In Pages, to add a background color to a selected paragraph, show the Format inspector, then click Layout and choose a color for Background Color in the Borders & Rules section.

Report a problem in Maps

In Maps, to report inaccurate or incomplete information, such as a missing location or an incorrect label, choose Maps> Report a Problem.

Quickly preview a link in Safari

In Safari in OS X v10.10.3 on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, tap any link using three fingers to quickly preview the link.

Import a PDF in iBooks

In iBooks, drag and drop a PDF document into your iBooks library window to import the PDF and automatically add it to your PDFs collection.

Move an event to a different date in Calendar

In Calendar, when viewing by Day, drag an event into the mini calendar in the upper-right corner of the window to move the event to a different date.

Fit a photo within a frame in a book project in iPhoto

In iPhoto, when creating a book project, to automatically fit a photo within a frame on a page, Control-click the photo, then choose "Fit Photo to Frame Size".

Zoom into a PDF in Safari

When viewing a PDF in Safari, to zoom into the document, move the pointer to the bottom-center of the page, then click the "Zoom in" (+) button.

Show the Track Editor in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to show the track editor for a selected track, click the Editors button in the control bar, or choose View> Show Editor, or press E.

Move to the next photo in iPhoto

In iPhoto on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, swipe right with three fingers across a photo to move to the next one.

Exit full screen view in iBooks

When reading a book full-screen in iBooks, press Control-Command-F to exit full screen view.

View a wrapping timeline in iMovie

In iMovie, to view your project over multiple lines in the timeline, instead of over a single line, choose View> Wrapping Timeline.

Exit full-screen view in iPhoto

In iPhoto, press Control-Command-F to exit full-screen view.

Copy the web link for a location in Maps

In Maps, to copy the web link for a location, click the location's pin to select it, then press Option and choose Edit> Copy Link.

Show titles in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to show the titles of photos, choose View> Titles, or press Shift-Command-T.

Add a checkbox to cells in Numbers

In Numbers, to add a checkbox to selected cells, click the Cell tab in the Format sidebar, then choose "Checkbox" from the Data Format pop-up menu.

Jump to the next Reading List article in Safari

In Safari on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, when scrolling through an article in Reading List, keep scrolling to automatically jump to the next article.

Pause when recording in QuickTime Player

When recording audio or video in QuickTime Player, Option-click the Record button in the controller to pause the recording.

Set your buddy list status using your keyboard in Messages

In Messages, to set your buddy list status using your keyboard, press Control-Command-A to be available or Control-Command-W to be away.

Remove a person from your Faces corkboard in iPhoto

In iPhoto, in Faces, to remove a person from your corkboard and remove their name from all photos on which it appears, select the Faces snapshot you want to remove, then press Command-Delete.

Strike through text in a PDF in Preview

In Preview, to strike through selected text in a PDF, click the Markup menu button in the toolbar, then choose Strikethrough.

Turn off messages from Calendar in Notification Center

In Calendar, to turn off shared calendar messages or invitation messages in Notification Center, choose Calendar> Preferences, then click Alerts and select an option at the bottom.

Set where new calls are started from in FaceTime

In FaceTime, to set the email address or phone number others see when you call them, choose FaceTime> Preferences, then click the "Start new calls from" pop-up menu and select an option.

Add a link to selected text in Numbers

In Numbers, to add a link to selected text, Control-click the text, then choose "Add Link", then select an option from the "Link to" pop-up menu.

Add an automatic fade-out in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to add an automatic fade-out to the end of your project, so that the sound gradually fades to silence, choose Mix> Fade Out.

Zoom into Places in iPhoto

In iPhoto on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, pinch open over the Places map to zoom in.

Float a location's info window in Maps

In Maps, click and drag a location's info window away from its pin to view the window as a floating window over top of the map.

View reminders set for a specific day in Reminders

In Reminders, to view reminders with notifications set for a specific day, choose View> Show Calendar, then click a day in the calendar to see its reminders.

Show the Column Browser in iTunes

In iTunes, to show the Column Browser, choose View> Column Browser> Show Column Browser, or press Command-B.

Turn off the sound heard when changing volume

To turn off the sound effects heard when changing the volume on your Mac, open Systems Preferences> Sound> Sound Effects and deselect "Play feedback when volume is changed".

Draw on a page in Pages

In Pages, to "draw" on a page to create your own shapes, click the Shape button in the toolbar, then click Draw with Pen.

Mute audio in a clip in iMovie

In iMovie, to mute audio in a clip that has sound, select the clip, then choose Modify> Mute Audio, or press Shift-Command-M.

Search the web for a word in a book in iBooks

In iBooks, to search the web for a word in a book, Control-click the word, then choose More> Search Web from the shortcut menu.

Lock a table in Keynote

In Keynote, to lock a table so that it can’t be edited, moved, or deleted, select the table, then choose Arrange> Lock, or press Command-L.

Leave a group chat in Messages

In Messages, to leave a group chat, select the group conversation, then click Details, then click Leave this Conversation.

Remove location info from a photo in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to remove the location info from a selected photo, click Info, then click the location name in the Places pane, then click the X that appears to the right of the name.

Quickly scroll to the top of a page in Safari

In Safari, press Command–Up Arrow to quickly scroll to the top-left corner of a page.

Save a spreadsheet as a custom template in Numbers

In Numbers, to save a spreadsheet as a custom template to use again as a model for other spreadsheets, choose File> Save as Template.

Clear your list of recent searches in Maps

In Maps, to clear your list of recent searches, click the search field, then click Favorites, then click Recents, then click Clear Recents.

Add a photo to your iPhoto library from Photo Booth

In Photo Booth, to add a photo to your iPhoto library, select the thumbnail, then click the Share button and choose "Add to iPhoto".

Change a photo's title in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to change a photo's title, select the photo, click the Info button in the toolbar, then click the title field and type a new title.

Go to the previous field in the info window in Calendar

In Calendar, when viewing details for an event, press Shift-Tab to go to the previous field in the info window.

Show the Movie Inspector in QuickTime Player

In QuickTime Player, to show the Movie Inspector, choose Window> Show Movie Inspector, or press Command-I.

Switch from reply to reply all in Mail

In Mail, if you replied (instead of replied all) to a message, click the Reply All button in the message toolbar before sending it, to reply to all recipients instead.

Save notes as PDF documents in Notes

In Notes, to save notes as PDF documents, select a note, then choose File> Export as PDF.

Bend the pitch down in Musical Typing in GarageBand

In GarageBand, when playing a software instrument using Musical Typing, press 1 to bend the pitch down.

Change a reminder's priority in Reminders

In Reminders, select a reminder, then press Command-1, Command-2, or Command-3 to change its priority to low, medium, or high.

Quickly open a specific system preference

To quickly open a specific system preference, press and hold the System Preferences icon in your dock, then select it from the list.

Edit and review comments in a document in Pages

In Pages, to edit and review comments in a document, click the View button in the toolbar, then choose Show Comments Pane.

Show slide numbers on all slides in Keynote

In Keynote, to show slide numbers on every slide in your presentation, choose Slide> Show Slide Numbers on All Slides.

Print mailing labels, envelopes, or lists in Contacts

In Contacts, to print mailing labels, envelopes, or lists for selected contacts, choose File> Print, click Show Details, then choose an option from the Style pop-up menu.

Record an audio clip in Messages

In Messages, to record an audio clip for an iMessage buddy, click the microphone button in the bottom right corner of the message window.

Enable the Spanish-English translation dictionary in Dictionary

In Dictionary, to enable the Spanish-English translation dictionary, choose Dictionary> Preferences, then select Gran Diccionario Oxford.

Set the default zoom level in Numbers

In Numbers, to set the default zoom level to use when opening spreadsheets, choose Numbers> Preferences> General, then choose an option from the Default Zoom pop-up menu.

Manually reorder books in your library in iBooks

In iBooks, to manually reorder books in your library, click Sort By, then choose Sort Manually and drag books where you want them.

Rename a project or slideshow in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to rename a project (such as a book, card, or calendar) or slideshow in your Source list, double-click its name, then type a new name and press Return.

Show the mouse pointer in a Keynote slideshow

When playing a slideshow in Keynote, press the "C" key on your Mac's keyboard to show the mouse pointer on the screen.

Switch values in the Notification Center stocks widget

When viewing the Stocks widget in the Today view of Notification Center, click any of the values to switch to price change, market capitalization, or percentage change.

Create a new empty album in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to create a new empty album containing no photos, hold Shift, then choose File> New Empty Album, or press Shift-Command-N.

Delete an item from within any Open dialog box

Within any Open dialog box, click and drag a file or folder to the Trash icon in your Dock to delete it.

Move the map in Maps

In Maps on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, drag the map using two fingers to move it up, down, left, or right.

Show clip information when skimming in the browser in iMovie

In iMovie, to show clip information when skimming in the browser, choose View> Show Skimmer Info, or press Control-Y.

Restore the current webpage address when typing in Safari

In Safari, when typing in the address and search field, to restore the current webpage address, press the Escape key.

Show the Availability panel in Calendar

In Calendar, to show the Availability panel, choose Window> Availability Panel, or press Shift-Command-A.

Turn off notifications for a specific conversation in Messages

In Messages, to turn off notifications for a specific conversation, Control-click the conversation in the Messages window, then choose Do Not Disturb from the pop-up menu.

Set the playhead position via the LCD in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to set the playhead position via the LCD, click-hold any of the numbers in the Position display, then drag up or down.

Duplicate an object in Pages

In Pages, to duplicate an object on a page, Option-drag the object, or select the object and press Command-D.

Change the color of highlighted text in a PDF in Preview

In Preview, to change the color of highlighted text in a PDF, Control-click the highlight, then choose a new color from the pop-up menu.

Zoom into a step in directions in Maps

When viewing directions in Maps, click a step in the Directions list to zoom into that particular step on the map.

Move a table in Numbers

In Numbers, to move a table, click anywhere in the table to select it, then drag the round table handle in the top-left corner to move it.

Hide your mailbox list in Mail

In Mail, to hide your mailbox list, choose View> Hide Mailbox List, or press Shift-Command-M.

Duplicate a photo in iPhoto using the keyboard

In iPhoto, to duplicate a photo using the keyboard, select the photo, then press Command-D.

Go back to the previous build on a slide in Keynote

When playing a presentation in Keynote, to go back to the previous build on a slide, press Shift–Left Arrow.

Sort events in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to sort events, click to select Events in the Source list, then choose View> Sort Events and choose an option from the submenu.

Rearrange items in Favorites in Safari

In Safari, to rearrange items in Favorites, drag a website's icon to a different location.

See the table of contents in iBooks

In iBooks, to see the table of contents, move the pointer to the top of the book and click the table of contents button, or press Command-T.

Repeat a reminder in Reminders

In Reminders, when setting a time notification for a reminder, to have it repeat, click the "repeat" menu, then choose an option.

Hide the Libraries list in iMovie

In iMovie, to hide the Libraries list if it is showing, choose Window> Hide Libraries, or press Shift-Command-1.

Flip a shape, text box, or image horizontally in Keynote

In Keynote, to flip a shape, text box, or image horizontally, select it, then choose Arrange> Flip Horizontally.

Dial a phone number in Calendar

In Calendar, click a phone number in an event's description to automatically dial the number using your iPhone with iOS 8.

Start a screen sharing session in Messages

In Messages, to start a screen sharing session, click Details in the Messages window, then click the Screen Share button and choose an option.

Fully expand an app window in OS X Yosemite

In OS X Yosemite, Option-click the green full-screen button in the top-left corner of an app's window to fully expand it instead.

Import an audio file in GarageBand

In GarageBand, to import a supported audio file into a project, drag it from the Finder to an audio track, or to an empty area below existing tracks.

View a video call full screen in FaceTime

In FaceTime, to view a video call full screen, move your pointer over the FaceTime window, then click the Full Screen button.

Step forward through a conversation in Mail

In Mail, press Option-Down Arrow to step forward through a conversation in the preview pane.

See a summary of today's events in Notification Center

In Notification Center, click Today to see a summary of the day’s events, reminders, and upcoming birthdays, plus tomorrow’s schedule.

Set a custom ringtone for a contact in Contacts

In Contacts, to set a custom ringtone for a contact, open their card, then click Edit and select a tone in the Ringtone field.

Clear history and website data in Safari

In Safari, to remove history, cookies, and other website data, choose Safari> Clear History and Website Data, then choose an option.

Quickly move to the beginning of the current text area in Numbers

In Numbers, press Command–Up Arrow to quickly move to the beginning of the current text area.

Quickly access tagged files from your Dock

In OS X Yosemite, drag a tag from the Finder sidebar to the right side of your Dock for quick access to all files with that tag.

Give a title to a group chat in Messages

In Messages, to give a title to a group chat, click Details, then click "Untitled Group Chat" and enter a name.

Manage extensions in OS X Yosemite

In OS X Yosemite, to manage which extensions appear in Action and Share menus and in Notification Center, open System Preferences and click Extensions.

Show a table name in Pages

In Pages, to show a table name, Control-click the numbered bar to the left of row 1, then choose "Show Table Name" from the pop-up menu.

Rotate a PDF in the opposite direction in Preview

In Preview, when clicking the Rotate button to rotate a PDF, press Option to rotate it in the opposite direction.

Mark a reminder as completed in Notification Center

In Notification Center, when viewing Reminders in Today view, click to the left of a reminder to mark it as completed.

Unlock a locked object on a slide in Keynote

In Keynote, to unlock a locked object on a slide, select the object, then choose Arrange> Unlock, or press Option-Command-L.

Share a movie to iMovie Theater in iMovie

In iMovie, to share a selected movie, trailer, or clip to iMovie Theater, click the Share button in the toolbar, then click Theater.

Mark up an image attachment in Mail

In Mail, to mark up an image attachment in your message, move the pointer over the image attachment, then click the Action button and choose Markup.

Show buddy pictures in Messages

In Messages, to show buddy pictures in a buddy list, select the list, then choose View> Show Buddy Pictures.

Show the Media Browser in GarageBand

In GarageBand, press F to quickly show the Media Browser.

Select all of the photos in a group in iPhoto

In iPhoto, to select all of the photos in a group, such as an event, press Command-A, or choose Edit> Select All.

Show your last import in Contacts

In Contacts, to show your last import, choose View> Show Last Import, or press Option-Command-L.