Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Marrathon.com - Dave Marra's Web Site!

Use Night Shift on your Mac

To use Night Shift, to automatically shift the colors of your display after dark, open System Preferences, then click Displays, then click Night Shift and enable it.

Always use VoiceOver in the login window

To always use VoiceOver in the login window, open System Preferences> Users & Groups, then click Login Options and select the option.

Change the keyboard shortcut for Siri

To change the keyboard shortcut for Siri, open System Preferences, then click Siri and choose an option for Keyboard Shortcut.

Announce when alerts are displayed on your Mac

To announce when alerts are displayed, open System Preferences, click Accessibility, click Speech, then select "Enable announcements".

To tag a file from within an Open or Save dialog box

To tag a file from within an Open or Save dialog box, Control-click the file, then select a tag from the pop-up menu.

Show the Info window for an item in your sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to show the Info window for an item in your sidebar, Control-click the item, then choose "Get Info" from the pop-up menu.

Match an exact color in Color Picker

In Color Picker, to match an exact color on your screen, click the eyedropper, then move it over any screen pixel, then click.

Discover new widgets in Notification Center

In Notification Center, to discover new widgets to add, click Edit at the bottom of Today view, then click App Store.

Display an analog clock in your menu bar

To display an analog clock in your menu bar, open System Preferences, click Date & Time, click Clock, then select Analog.

Disconnect from a wi-fi network

To manually disconnect from a connected wi-fi network, Option-click the Wi-Fi icon in the menu bar, then choose "Disconnect from [network name]".

Rename a Bluetooth device

To rename a connected Bluetooth device, open System Preferences, click Bluetooth, then Control-click the device and choose Rename.

Reload a page in App Store

In App Store, to reload a page, choose Store>Reload Page, or press Command-R.

Quickly open your Library folder

In the Finder, to quickly open your Library folder, press Shift, then choose Go> Library, or press Shift-Command-L.

Quickly end a sentence by pressing the space bar twice

To quickly end a sentence with a period and a space by pressing the space bar twice, open System Preferences, click Keyboard, click Text, then select the “Add period with double-space” checkbox.

Scan for all displays connected to your Mac

To scan for all displays connected to your Mac, open System Preferences, click Displays, then press and hold Option and click Detect Displays.

Quickly end a sentence by pressing the space bar twice

To quickly end a sentence with a period and a space by pressing the space bar twice, open System Preferences, click Keyboard, click Text, then select “Add period with double-space”.

Quickly open your iCloud Drive

In the Finder, to quickly open your iCloud Drive, press Shift-Command-I.

Make more room on your Mac by optimizing its storage

To make more room on your Mac by optimizing its storage, choose Apple menu> About This Mac, click Storage at the top of the window, then click Manage.

Open your Documents folder in the Finder

In the Finder, to quickly open your Documents folder, press Shift-Command-O.

Rename a folder from within an Open or Save dialog box

To rename a folder from within an Open or Save dialog box, Control-click the folder’s name, then choose Rename from the pop-up menu.

Change the voice of Siri

To change the voice of Siri, open System Preferences, click Siri, then select an option for Siri Voice.

Have your Mac automatically log you out when inactive

To have your Mac automatically log you out when inactive after a set period of time, open System Preferences, click Security & Privacy, click General, then click Advanced and select "Log out after".

Remove items from the Trash automatically after 30 days

To remove items from the Trash automatically after 30 days, choose Finder> Preferences, click Advanced, then select “Remove items from the Trash after 30 days".

Change the number of items listed in the Recent Items menu

To change the number of items listed in the Apple menu> Recent Items menu, open System Preferences, click General, then choose a number for "Recent items".

Show a world clock in Notification Center

In Notification Center, to show a world clock, click Edit at the bottom of the Today view, then click the Add (+) button to the right of World Clock.

Quickly open the System Information utility

To quickly open the System Information utility, hold Option, click the Apple menu, then choose System Information.

Change the default color used to highlight text

To change the default color used to highlight text, open System Preferences, click General, then choose a color for Highlight color.

Select the startup disk on your Desktop

In the Finder, if hard disks are shown on your desktop, to select the startup disk, hold Shift, then choose Go> Select Startup Disk on Desktop, or press Shift-Command-Up Arrow.

Add a Social widget to Notification Center

In Notification Center, to add a Social widget to your Today view, to post your latest news to LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, or Messages, click Edit, then select Social.

Swap sides in Split View

When using Split View in OS X El Capitan, to swap sides, use either window’s toolbar to drag the window to the other side.

Hide indicators for open applications in the Dock

In the Dock, to hide the small dots below an app’s icon when the app is open, open System Preferences, click Dock, then deselect the “Show indicators for open applications” option.

Reset the printing system in OS X

To reset the printing system in OS X, deleting all printers and printer presets from your list of printers, open System Preferences> Printers & Scanners, then Control-click the list of printers and choose “Reset printing system” from the pop-up menu.

Show all open windows grouped by app in Mission Control

In Mission Control, to show all open windows grouped by app, open System Preferences> Mission Control, then select “Group windows by application”.

Access an app’s sidebar while in Split View

In OS X El Capitan, to access an app’s sidebar while in Split View, place your cursor on the left edge of the app until the sidebar appears.

Close all tabs except for one in the Finder

In the Finder, to close all tabs except for one, Option-click the Delete button (X) on the tab you want to leave open.

Use an image file from your hard drive as your desktop picture

In the Finder, to quickly use an image file from your hard drive as your desktop picture, Control-click the image, then choose “Set Desktop Picture” from the pop-up menu.

Enlarge or shrink the Quick Look window

In the Finder, when viewing an item with Quick Look, to manually enlarge or shrink the Quick Look window, drag its corners.

Rename a tag in the sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to rename a tag in the sidebar, Control-click its name, then choose Rename "[tag name]" from the pop-up menu.

Uninstall apps in Launchpad

In Launchpad, to uninstall an app you downloaded from the App Store, press and hold the Option key, then click the app’s delete (X) button.

Change the background color of a folder in the Finder

In the Finder, to change the background color of a folder viewed by icon, choose View> Show View Options, then click Color and select a color from the color picker.

Open a tab in another window in the Finder

In the Finder, to open a tab in another window, drag the tab out of the tab bar, or choose Window> Move Tab to New Window.

Reduce transparency in OS X

To reduce the transparency effect used on some backgrounds in OS X, open System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Display and select "Reduce transparency".

Adjust the width of app windows in Split View

When using Split View in OS X El Capitan, drag the divider between two Split View apps to adjust the width of each window.

Drag and drop text onto Stickies to make a new note

In Stickies, drag and drop text from Mail, Messages, etc., onto the Stickies icon in your dock to instantly make a new sticky note containing that text.

View the user manual for your Mac

To view the user manual for your Mac, choose About This Mac under the Apple Menu, then click Support, then click User Manual.

Add a Find My Friends widget to Notification Center

In Notification Center, to add a Find My Friends widget to your Today view, click Edit, then select Find My Friends.

Auto-hide the menu bar

To auto-hide the menu bar, showing it only when the pointer is at the top of the screen, open System Preferences, then click General and select "Automatically hide and show the menu bar".

Delete a selected file immediately in the Finder

In the Finder, to delete a selected file immediately, without putting it in the Trash first, hold Option, then choose File> Delete Immediately, or press Option-Command-Delete.

Quickly create a Split View space in Mission Control

In Mission Control, drag a window onto the thumbnail of a full-screen app in the Spaces bar to quickly create a Split View space.

Find your cursor

To find your cursor in OS X El Capitan, rapidly shake your finger on the surface of your trackpad, or shake your mouse, to enlarge the pointer.

Copy the path to a file in the Finder

In the Finder, to copy the path to a file, Control-click the file, then hold the Option key down and choose "Copy as Pathname".

Use two apps in Split View

To use two apps in Split View, click and hold the green button in top-left corner of an app window, then drag the window to either side of your screen.

Quickly access Mission Control from the desktop

In OS X El Capitan, drag an app's window to the very top of your screen to quickly access Mission Control from the desktop.

Move the selected area when taking a screenshot

When using Command-Shift-4 to take a screenshot of part of your screen, press and hold the Space bar after dragging to move the selected area.

Open the enclosing folder for a folder in the Finder sidebar

In the Finder, to open the enclosing folder for a folder in the sidebar, Control-click the folder, then choose "Show in Enclosing Folder" from the pop-up menu.

Automatically hide the Dock

To automatically hide the Dock when you are not using it, Control-click the separator in the Dock, then choose "Turn Hiding On" from the pop-up menu.

Show all preferences in System Preferences

In System Preferences, when viewing a specific preference pane, press Command-L to show all preferences again.

Announce when alerts are displayed on your Mac

To have your Mac speak the text in dialogs and alert messages, open System Preferences, click Dictation & Speech, then click Text to Speech and select “Announce when alerts are displayed”.

Add an item to your sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to add an item to the Favorites section of your sidebar using your keyboard, select the item, then press Control-Command-T.

Add an iTunes widget to Notification Center

To add an iTunes widget to your Today view in Notification Center, open System Preferences, click Extensions, click Today, then select iTunes.

Find the original item for an alias

In the Finder, to find the original item for an alias, select the alias, then choose File> Show Original, or press Command–R.

Quickly change your desktop background

To quickly change the picture that’s displayed on your desktop, Control-click the desktop, then choose "Change Desktop Background" from the pop-up menu.

Save the paper tape in Calculator

In Calculator, when showing the paper tape, to save the tape as a text file, choose File> Save Tape As, or press Shift-Command-S.

See a list of all commands in Terminal

In Terminal, press and hold the Esc key to see a list of all 1400+ possible Terminal commands.

Play stereo audio tracks as mono audio

To make your Mac play stereo audio tracks as mono audio, open System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Audio and select "Play stereo audio as mono".

Quickly make an alias of an item in the Finder

In the Finder, press and hold Command-Option while dragging a file, folder, or application to quickly make an alias of the dragged item.

See items in an index sheet view using Quick Look

When using Quick Look to preview multiple items at once, press Command-Return to see the items in an index sheet view.

Show the paper tape in Calculator

In Calculator, to show a running list of your calculations, choose Window> Show Paper Tape, or press Command-T.

Turn off the sound heard when changing volume

To turn off the sound effects heard when changing the volume on your Mac, open Systems Preferences> Sound> Sound Effects and deselect "Play feedback when volume is changed".

Quickly open a specific system preference

To quickly open a specific system preference, press and hold the System Preferences icon in your dock, then select it from the list.

Switch values in the Notification Center stocks widget

When viewing the Stocks widget in the Today view of Notification Center, click any of the values to switch to price change, market capitalization, or percentage change.

Delete an item from within any Open dialog box

Within any Open dialog box, click and drag a file or folder to the Trash icon in your Dock to delete it.

Fully expand an app window in OS X Yosemite

In OS X Yosemite, Option-click the green full-screen button in the top-left corner of an app's window to fully expand it instead.

See a summary of today's events in Notification Center

In Notification Center, click Today to see a summary of the day’s events, reminders, and upcoming birthdays, plus tomorrow’s schedule.

Quickly access tagged files from your Dock

In OS X Yosemite, drag a tag from the Finder sidebar to the right side of your Dock for quick access to all files with that tag.

Manage extensions in OS X Yosemite

In OS X Yosemite, to manage which extensions appear in Action and Share menus and in Notification Center, open System Preferences and click Extensions.

Mark a reminder as completed in Notification Center

In Notification Center, when viewing Reminders in Today view, click to the left of a reminder to mark it as completed.

Set your menu bar and Dock to be dark

In OS X Yosemite, to set your menu bar and Dock to be dark, choose Apple menu> System Preferences, then click General and select "Use dark menu bar and Dock".

Temporarily turn Dock magnification on if it is off

To temporarily turn Dock magnification on, press and hold the Shift and Control keys while moving your pointer over the Dock.

Open a Favorite from your sidebar in its own tab in the Finder

In the Finder, to open a Favorite from your sidebar in its own tab, Control-click the Favorite, then press Option and choose "Open in New Tab".

Rename multiple items in the Finder

In the Finder, to rename multiple items, select the items, then Control-click one of them and choose "Rename Items" from the shortcut menu.

Show a calculator in Notification Center

In Notification Center, to show a calculator, click Edit at the bottom of the Today view, then click the Add (+) button to the right of Calculator.

Go to the location of an item in an Open dialog box

In an application's Open dialog box, select a file or folder, then press Command-R to jump to its location in the Finder.

Show special characters

In OS X Mavericks, press Control-Command-Space to show special characters and symbols, such as emoji, mathematical symbols, or accented letters.

Turn off notifications for a set period of time

To turn off notifications for a set period of time, open System Preferences> Notifications, then click Do Not Disturb and select when to turn it on.

Move to the next space in Mission Control

In Mission Control, to move to the next space using your keyboard, press Control-Right Arrow.

View storage information for a hard drive

To view storage information for a hard drive, select About This Mac from the Apple menu, then click the More Info button, then click the Storage tab.

Go directly to a specific folder in an Open dialog box

In an Open dialog box, press the tilde (~) or slash (/) key to go directly to a specific folder by typing the path to it.

Show how much charge is left in your battery on a portable Mac

On a portable Mac, to show how much charge is left in your battery, click the battery icon in the menu bar, then choose "Show Percentage".

Go to the previous page in App Store

In App Store on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, swipe left with two fingers to go to the previous page.

Hide a purchased app in the Purchases list in App Store

In App Store, to hide a purchased app in the Purchases list, Control-click the app, then choose "Hide Purchase" from the pop-up menu.

Tag an item on your desktop

In the Finder, to tag an item on your desktop, Control-click the item, then choose a color from the palette below the Tags option.

Copy a link to an app's description page in the App Store

In the App Store, to copy a link to an app's description page, click the down arrow next to its price, then choose "Copy Link".

Decrease the size of the Dock

To decrease the size of the Dock, click and hold the separator, then drag down.

Resize columns in the Finder

In the Finder, to resize the columns in list view, column view, or Cover Flow, drag the line between the column headings.

Send a quick message from Notification Center

In Notification Center in OS X Mavericks, click the Messages button to send a quick message to someone without opening the Messages app.

Prevent the Trash warning message from appearing in the Finder

In the Finder, to prevent the Trash warning message from appearing, choose Finder> Preferences, then click Advanced and deselect "Show warning before emptying the Trash".

Go directly to a specific folder in a Save dialog box

In a Save dialog box, press the tilde (~) or slash (/) key to go directly to a specific folder by typing the path to it.

Rearrange the order of tabs in the Finder

In the Finder, to rearrange the order of tabs, click and drag a tab left or right in the tab bar.

Remove a tag from the sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to remove a tag from the sidebar, Control-click the tag, then choose "Remove from Sidebar" from the pop-up menu.

Open Wireless Diagnostics

To open Wireless Diagnostics, to help resolve wireless issues, hold down the Option key, then click the Wi-Fi menu and choose "Open Wireless Diagnostics".

Rearrange the order of tags in the Finder

In the Finder, to rearrange the order of tags, choose Finder> Preferences, then click the Tags button and drag your tags up or down in the list.

Preview the next page of a document in Quick Look

When previewing a multi-page document with Quick Look, press Fn-Down Arrow to preview the next page.

Create a new Finder window from a tab

In the Finder, to create a new Finder window from a tab, drag the tab out of its parent window.

Go to the previous page in the App Store

In the App Store, press Command-Left bracket ([) to go to the previous page.

Increase the size of icons in Stacks

In the Finder, when viewing Stacks as a grid, press Command-Plus (+) to increase the size of the icons in the Stack.

Clean up by name in the Finder

When viewing by icon in the Finder, press Option-Command-1 to clean up by name.

Rearrange sections of the sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, to rearrange sections of the sidebar, drag a section (Favorites, Devices, Shared, or Tags) up or down.

Show all files associated with a tag in the Finder

In the Finder, Control-click a tag in the Sidebar, then choose "Open in New Tab", to open a new Finder tab showing all files associated with that tag.

Move items between tabs in the Finder

In the Finder, to move items between tabs, drag and drop the item to the tab where you want it to belong.

Collapse your notes and arrange them by date in Stickies

In Stickies, to collapse your sticky notes and arrange them by the order in which they were modified, choose Window> Arrange By> Date.

Combine all open Finder windows into one window

In the Finder, to combine all open Finder windows into one window of tabs, choose Window> Merge All Windows.

Rename a tag in the Finder

To rename a tag in OS X Mavericks, choose Finder> Preferences, then click Tags, then click a tag's label and type a new name.

Create a new tab in the Finder

In OS X Mavericks, to create a new tab in the Finder, choose File> New Tab, or press Command-T.

Quickly open system preferences for Notification Center

In Notification Center, to quickly open its system preferences, click the settings icon in the lower right corner.

Minimize all windows in the Finder

In the Finder, to minimize all windows, press Command-Option-M.

See the pathname for a file or folder in the Finder

In the Finder, to see the pathname for a file or folder, select the item in a Finder window, then choose View> Show Path Bar.

Quickly open your Applications folder

In the Finder, to quickly open your Applications folder, press Shift-Command-A.

Display icons as previews of files in the Finder

In the Finder, to display icons as previews of files, choose View> Show View Options, then select "Show icon preview".

Hide the paper tape in Calculator

In Calculator, press Command-T to hide the Paper Tape if it is showing.

Show the day of the week in the menu bar

To show the day of the week in the menu bar, open System Preferences, click Date & Time, then click Clock and select "Show day of the week".

Go to the next page in the App Store

In the App Store, press Command-Right bracket (]) to go to the next page.

Choose what’s displayed on the desktop in the Finder

In the Finder, to choose what’s displayed on the desktop, choose Finder> Preferences, then click General and select which items you want to see.

Preview a window in Mission Control

In Mission Control, to preview a window, move your cursor over the window to highlight it, then press the Space bar.

Collapse a sticky note in Stickies

In Stickies, to collapse a sticky note, double-click the bar at the top of the note, or choose Window> Collapse.

Send files to others via Messages in the Finder

In the Finder, to send files to others via Messages, Control-click the file, then choose Share> Message from the pop-up menu.

Increase the size of the Dock

To increase the size of the Dock, click and hold the separator, then drag up.

Create an alias in the Finder

In the Finder, to create an alias, select an item, then choose File> Make Alias, or press Command–L.

Duplicate an item in the Finder

In the Finder, to duplicate an item, select it, then press Command-D, or choose File> Duplicate.

Quickly find an app in Launchpad

In Launchpad, to quickly find an app, just start typing its name.

Show folder sizes inside a folder viewed as list in the Finder

In the Finder, to show folder sizes inside a folder viewed as list, choose View> Show View Options, then select "Calculate all sizes".

Hide all open windows and show the desktop

In OS X Mountain Lion, to hide all open windows and show the desktop, press Command-Mission Control key, or press Fn-F11.

Navigate the App Store

In App Store, press Command-1 through Command-5 to go to Featured, Top Charts, Categories, Purchases, or Updates, respectively.

Convert currency values in Calculator

In Calculator, to convert currency values from one currency to another, enter the original value, then choose Convert> Currency.

Export text from a sticky note in Stickies

In Stickies, to export text from a sticky note to create a text file, select the note, then choose File> Export Text.

Send files to others via AirDrop in the Finder

In the Finder, to send files to others via AirDrop, Control-click the file, then choose Share> AirDrop from the pop-up menu.

Open a file, folder, or application in the Finder

In the Finder, to open a selected file, folder, or application using just your keyboard, press Command-Down Arrow.

Arrange your Applications folder by category

In the Finder, in your Applications folder, to arrange applications by category, choose View> Arrange By> Application Category.

Preview the previous page of a document in Quick Look

When previewing a multi-page document with Quick Look, press Fn-Up Arrow to preview the previous page.

Add an item from the sidebar to your Dock

In the Finder, to add an item from the Favorites section of the sidebar to your Dock, Control-click it in the sidebar, then choose "Add to Dock".

Adjust volume level in smaller increments

Hold Shift-Option when pressing the volume control keys on your keyboard to adjust each level in smaller, more precise increments.

Use the Help menu to locate a menu option in any application

In any application, to use the Help menu to locate a menu option, open the Help menu, then type part or all of the option's name in the search field.

Adjust screen brightness level in smaller increments

Hold Shift-Option when pressing the brightness control keys on your keyboard to adjust each level in smaller, more precise increments.

Bookmark a help topic in Help Viewer

In Help Viewer, to bookmark a help topic, click the bookmark icon in the bar at the top of the Help Center window.

Open your Desktop folder

In the Finder, press Command-Shift-D to open your Desktop folder.

Use your trackpad to open Notification Center

In OS X Mountain Lion, swipe left from the right edge of your trackpad with two fingers to open Notification Center.

Make text bigger in Stickies

In Stickies, to make selected text bigger, press Command-Plus (+).

Add an item to your Dock

In the Finder, select an item, then press Shift-Command-T to add it to your Dock.

Go to the next page in App Store

In App Store on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, swipe right with two fingers to go to the next page.

Encrypt a disk or removable media in OS X Mountain Lion

In OS X Mountain Lion, to encrypt a disk or removable media, Control-click the disk in the Finder, then choose Encrypt [Your disk name] from the shortcut menu.

Quickly show Accessibility Options in OS X Mountain Lion

In OS X Mountain Lion, press Command-Option-F5 at anytime to quickly show the Accessibility Options for Zoom, VoiceOver, Mouse & Keyboard, and Display.

Preview a file using Quick Look

In the Finder in OS X Mountain Lion on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, tap with three fingers on a file to instantly preview the file using Quick Look.

Temporarily turn off all Notification Center alerts and banners

In OS X Mountain Lion, to temporarily turn off all Notification Center alerts and banners, Option-click the Notification Center icon in the menu bar.

Clean up by kind in the Finder

When viewing by icon in the Finder, press Option-Command-2 to clean up by kind.

Quickly view the man page for any command in Terminal

In Terminal, to quickly view the man page for any command, Control-click it and choose "Open man Page" from the pop-up menu.

Hear buttons spoken to you in Calculator

In Calculator, to have your Mac speak the value or function of each key you click, choose Speech> Speak Button Pressed.

Quickly open your AirDrop window in the Finder

On a Mac that supports AirDrop, press Shift-Command-R in the Finder to quickly open your AirDrop window.

Keep a sticky note in front of other windows in Stickies

In Stickies, to keep a sticky note in the foreground, in front of other windows, select the note, then choose Note> Floating Window.

Quickly access the user manual for your Mac

To quickly access the user manual for your Mac, choose "About This Mac" under the Apple Menu, then click More Info, then click Support and click User Manual.

Show the transfer progress when sending a file via AirDrop

When sending a large file to someone via AirDrop, click their picture in your AirDrop window to show the transfer's progress.

Navigate to the desktop in an Open or Save dialog box

In an Open or Save dialog box, press Command-D to quickly navigate to the desktop.

Add graphics to a sticky note in Stickies

In Stickies, to add graphics, simply drag and drop a picture or graphic file from the Finder into a sticky note.

Prevent a preference's icon from being seen in System Preferences

In System Preferences, to prevent a preference's icon from being seen, choose View> Customize, then uncheck its icon.

Show an item's enclosing folder in the Finder

In the Finder, to show an item's enclosing folder, select the item, then press Command-Up Arrow.

Remove an item from the Favorites section of the sidebar

In the Finder in OS X Lion, to remove an item from the Favorites section of the sidebar, hold down the Command key then drag the item out.

Decrease the size of icons in Stacks

In the Finder, when viewing Stacks as a grid, press Command-Minus (-) to decrease the size of the icons in the Stack.

Make a sticky note translucent in Stickies

In Stickies, to make a sticky note translucent, so you can see your desktop or other application windows behind it, choose Note> Translucent Window.

Refresh the current page in the App Store

When browsing in the App Store app, press Command-R to refresh the current page.

Preview thumbnails in Mission Control

In Mission Control, Option-click a thumbnail at the top of the screen to preview it first, without making it active.

Open your home folder

In the Finder, press Command-Shift-H to open your home folder.

Resize a window by its center in OS X Lion

In OS X Lion, when resizing a window by dragging an edge, press the Option key as you drag to resize from the window's center.

Quickly make a new note in Stickies

From within any application, select some text and press Command-Shift-Y, to make a new note in Stickies with the selected text.

Move to the previous space in Mission Control

In Mission Control, to move to the previous space using your keyboard, press Control-Left Arrow.

Go to the location of an item in Save dialog box

In an application's Save dialog box, select a folder, then press Command-R to jump to the folder's location in the Finder.

Reveal more color swatches in the Color Picker

In the system-wide Color Picker, drag the bottom of the Colors window down to reveal more rows to save your favorite color swatches.

Organize apps into folders in LaunchPad

In LaunchPad, to organize apps into folders, drag one app’s icon over another to create a folder, then drag other apps you would like to add into the folder.

Always empty Trash securely in the Finder

In the Finder, to always prevent deleted files from being read, choose Finder> Preferences, then click Advanced and enable "Empty Trash securely".

Save a PDF to iTunes

When printing a document, click PDF and choose "Save PDF to iTunes" from the pop-up menu, to save it as a PDF book in Books in your iTunes library.

Open an item from its "Get Info" window in the Finder

In the Finder, when viewing the "Get Info" window for an item, to quickly open the item, double-click its thumbnail in the Preview section.

Make text smaller in Stickies

In Stickies, to make selected text smaller, press Command-Minus (-).

Open a sidebar folder in its own window in the Finder

In the Finder, Command-click a folder in the sidebar to open that folder in its own separate Finder window.

Quickly close all open windows in the Finder

In the Finder, and in many other applications, to quickly close all open windows, Option-click any window's close button.

Change the size of the icons in the sidebar of Finder and Mail

In OS X Lion, to change the size of the icons in the sidebar of Finder and Mail, open System Preferences> General, then choose Small, Medium or Large for "Sidebar icon size".

Preview an item using Quick Look in the Finder

In the Finder, to preview an item using Quick Look, select the item and press the Space bar.

Rename a printer in OS X Lion

To rename a printer, open System Preferences> Print & Scan, then Control-click the printer's name and choose "Rename printer" from the pop-up menu.

Open multiple items in a Stack

When viewing a Stack as a grid or fan, to open multiple items in the Stack without closing it first, Option-click each item.

Change the background in Launchpad

In Launchpad, press Command-B to cycle through color and grayscale, and blurred and non-blurred, versions of the Launchpad background.

Open a Stack as a folder in the Finder

To open a Stack as a folder in the Finder, instead of as a Stack, Option-Command-click its icon in your Dock.

Use Quick Look to preview a document in an Open dialog box

In any application's Open dialog box, to use Quick Look to preview a document without opening it first, select the document and press the Space bar.

Quickly determine the length of a song or movie file

In the Finder, to quickly determine how long a selected song or movie file is, choose File> Get Info, and see its duration info under the "More Info" section.

Quickly open or close all sections of a Get Info window

In the Finder, when viewing the Get Info window for files or folders, Option-click any of the section triangles to quickly open or close all of them at once.

See recently-opened files for an application in your Dock

In OS X Lion, press Control when clicking an application's icon in your Dock to see a pop-up list of that application's recently-opened files.

Restore a folder's view options in the Finder

In the Finder, to restore a folder's view options back to their default setting, choose View> Show View Options, then press Option and click "Restore to Defaults".

Quickly open your Library folder in OS X Lion

In the Finder in OS X Lion, to quickly open your Library folder (a folder that usually is hidden), press Option and choose Go> Library.

Resize the width of all columns simultaneously in the Finder

In the Finder, when viewing as Columns, hold Option while dragging any column's width adjustment handle to resize the width of all columns simultaneously.

Use the Dock to quickly hide open applications

To quickly hide all open applications, except the one you are currently using, press Control-Option, then click its icon in the Dock and choose "Hide Others".

Rearrange or move apps in Launchpad

In OS X Lion, to rearrange or move apps in Launchpad, simply drag their icons to a new location.

Quickly look up definitions for words in OS X Lion

In OS X Lion on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, to look up definitions for words in applications such as Pages or Mail, double-tap the word using three fingers.

Zoom into thumbnails when setting the desktop picture

On a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, pinch open over the thumbnail pictures in System Preferences> Desktop & Screen Saver> Desktop to zoom into them.

Show a message when the screen is locked in OS X Lion

In OS X Lion, to have a message display at login, and when your screen is locked, choose System Preferences> Security & Privacy> General and select "Show a message when the screen is locked".

Preview items in Stacks using Quick Look

In OS X Lion, in Stacks grid or fan view, to preview items using Quick Look, hold your pointer over the item and press Space.

Quickly create a folder of items in the Finder

In the Finder, to quickly create a folder of items, select the items you want to group together, then Control-click one of them and choose "New Folder with Selection".

Quickly see how many pages are in a PDF document in the Finder

In the Finder, to see how many pages are in a PDF document without opening it first, select it, choose File> Get Info and look in the "More Info" section.

Use simple math to adjust font size in the Mac OS X Font Panel

In the Mac OS X Font Panel, enter simple math such as "*3", "/2", or "+40" to adjust the size of selected text by that mathematical value.

Create a bulleted list in Stickies

In Stickies, to create a list, press Option-Tab to make the first bulleted item, press Return to add new lines, then press Return twice to finish the list.

Open an item from within Quick Look in the Finder

When previewing an item in the Finder with Quick Look, press Command-Down Arrow to open the item.

Quickly switch applications or access Exposé using the trackpad

On a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, do a 4-finger swipe up or down for Exposé, or left or right to switch applications.

Change the default note template in Stickies

In Stickies, to change the default note template, set a note's color, note size and font styles, then choose Note> Use as Default.

Flash your screen when an alert sound occurs

To have the screen of your Mac flash when an alert sound occurs, choose System Preferences> Universal Access> Hearing, then select "Flash the screen when an alert sound occurs".

Access Time Machine backups stored on other volumes

To access Time Machine backups stored on other volumes, Option-click the Time Machine menubar icon and choose "Browse Other Time Machine Disks".

Navigate through Exposé using the keyboard

In Exposé, press the arrow keys to select a window thumbnail, then press the spacebar to enlarge the thumbnail or press Return to switch to it.

Quickly look up the definition for a word

In most Mac programs, to quickly look up the definition for a word, hover over the word and press Control-Command-D to pop up its definition.

Quickly jump between items in Quick Look

When viewing multiple items with Quick Look on a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad, do a 3-finger swipe to jump to the next item.

Verify that Time Machine backups can be used for restores

To verify that your Time Machine backups can be used for restores, Option-click the Time Machine icon in your menu bar and choose "Verify Backups".

Copy an item from within the Get Info window in the Finder

When viewing the Get Info window for an item in the Finder, drag and drop the Preview thumbnail image to copy the item to a new location.

Hear the result of a calculation in Calculator

In Calculator, to have your Mac speak the result of a calculation, choose Speech> Speak Result.

See a list of recently-viewed help topics in Help Viewer

In the onscreen Mac OS X Help Viewer, press and hold the Back or Forward button to see a list of recently-viewed help topics.

See how much time is remaining on a Mac restricted with Parental Controls

When using a Mac that has a time limit set on it with Parental Controls, click the clock in the menu bar to see how much time is remaining.

Adjust the font size slider range in the Mac OS X Font Panel

In the Font Panel in Mac OS X, to change the slider's minimum and maximum font size, click the Action (gear) button and select "Edit Sizes".

Convert a document to PDF and attach it to a new Mail message

When printing any document, click the PDF button and choose "Mail PDF", to convert the document to PDF and attach it to a new Mail message.

Quickly resize columns in the Finder

When viewing by columns in the Finder, double-click a column's width adjustment handle to resize its width to fit the longest-named item in that column.

Burn files or folders to CD or DVD in the Finder

In the Finder, to burn selected files or folders to a CD or DVD, Control-click them and choose "Burn X Items to Disc" from the pop-up menu.

Quickly access music, photos or movies from an Open dialog box

From within an application's Open dialog box, to quickly access your music, photos or movies, browse the "Media" section at the bottom of the sidebar.

See the TV safe area for a project in iDVD

In iDVD, to put a boundary around the area which will be viewable on most standard, non-widescreen televisions, choose View> Show TV Safe Area.

Have your Mac announce the time of day

Have your Mac speak the time of day to you by enabling the "Announce the time" option in System Preferences> Date & Time> Clock.

Zoom in or out of an image using Quick Look

When using Quick Look to preview an image in the Finder, Option-click the image to zoom into it or Shift-Option-click the image to zoom out.

Navigate through columns in the Finder using the keyboard

When viewing the Finder in Column view, press the up, down, right or left arrow keys to navigate quickly through each column.

Quickly get details about a photo in the Finder

In the Finder, to get details about a photo including its size, camera model, focal length, etc., select it, choose File> Get Info, then look in the "More Info" section.

Have System Profiler speak your Mac's serial number

To have the System Profiler utility (located in /Applications/Utilities) speak your Mac's serial number aloud, choose File> Speak Serial Number.

View icons in System Preferences alphabetically

In System Preferences, to view each icon alphabetically, instead of grouped by category, choose View> Organize Alphabetically.

Change icon sizes in the Finder using the trackpad

On a Mac with a Multi-Touch trackpad running Snow Leopard, use a two-finger pinch gesture to increase or decrease icon sizes in the Finder.

Toggle through all toolbar display options in an application

In applications with toolbar icons that can be resized, Command-click the top right button to toggle through all toolbar icon and text display options.

Switch between applications from within Exposé

When using Exposé to view thumbnails of all windows, press the Tab key to quickly switch between each open application.

Show advanced AirPort network information

In Snow Leopard, press Option while clicking the AirPort menu to show the selected base station's MAC address, channel, signal strength, etc.

Quickly switch between different views in the Finder

In the Finder, press Command-1, Command-2, Command-3 or Command-4 to switch between Icon, List, Column or Cover Flow window views, respectively.

Add an item to the sidebar in the Finder

In the Finder, select an item, then press Command-T to add it to the sidebar.

Keep toolbar buttons visible when resizing a window

Control-click a button in the toolbar of any application with customizable toolbars and choose "Keep Item Visible", to show the button even if the window is resized.

Change icon size and label position in dialog boxes

In any Open or Save dialog box, press and hold the view as icon button to show a pop-up menu for changing Icon Size and/or Label Position.

Mute audio feedback when adjusting Mac volume level

Hold down the Shift key while pressing the volume buttons on your keyboard to mute the "quack" sounds you normally hear when the volume is adjusted.

Open one application while hiding all others

Press Command and Option while clicking an application's icon in your Dock, to open the application and simultaneously hide all others.

Delete all backups of a file or folder in Time Machine

When in Time Machine, to permanently delete ALL backups of a file or folder, Control-click the item then choose "Delete All Backups" from the pop-up menu.

Show the condition of the battery in a Mac notebook

When running Mac OS X Snow Leopard on a Mac notebook computer, Option-click the menu bar's battery icon to show the condition of your battery.

Create a new folder from within the Save dialog box

From within an expanded Save or Save As dialog box in any application, type Shift-Command-N to create a new folder into which the file can be saved.

Quickly change your sound input and output settings

In Mac OS X Snow Leopard, Option-click the volume slider in the menu bar to change sound input and output settings without opening System Preferences.

Quickly sleep or restart your Mac

To quickly sleep or restart your Mac using just your keyboard, press once on its power button then type "s" to sleep, or "r" to restart.

Use the Spotlight menu as a calculator

Instead of launching Calculator when you need to solve a math problem, simply type your equation into the Spotlight menu to get the answer.

Put your Mac to sleep using just your keyboard

To instantly put your Mac to sleep, without touching your mouse, simply press Command and Option and the Eject key on your keyboard.

Pair your Mac to a specific Apple Remote

To configure your Mac to respond only to a signal from a specific Apple Remote (vs. any of them), go to System Preferences> Security> General> Pair.

Examine files in the Trash before emptying it

To examine a file in the Trash before you empty it, click once on the file to select it then press the Spacebar to preview its contents using Quick Look.

Use Quick Look to preview print jobs

In Snow Leopard, use Quick Look to preview a print job listed in your printer's queue by first selecting it and then pressing the space bar to preview it.

Quickly open the Sound system preference

To quickly open the Sound system preference, hold down the Option key and press any of the sound controls (volume up, volume down, mute) on your keyboard.

Quickly print a group of files in the Finder

To quickly print a group of files without pausing to manually print each one individually, select the files in the Finder and choose File> Print.

Display today's date next to the clock in the menu bar

To display today's date next to the clock in the menu bar, open System Preferences, then click Date & Time> Clock and select Show date.

Change to a different calculator mode in Calculator

In Calculator, click the green zoom button in the upper left corner to toggle between Basic, Scientific and Programmer calculator modes.

Increase the size of your cursor

To make your mouse pointer larger, open System Preferences> Universal Access> Mouse (or Mouse & Trackpad) and adjust the Cursor Size slider.

Temporarily turn Dock magnification off if it is on

To temporarily turn Dock magnification off if it is on, press and hold the Shift and Control keys while moving your pointer over the Dock.

Reveal the Finder location of an item in your Dock

To reveal the location on your hard drive of an item in your Dock, Command-click on the icon to jump directly to its location in the Finder.

Minimize windows into their Dock application icon

To minimize windows into the Dock application icon that made them, choose System Preferences> Dock> Minimize windows into application icon.

Arrange thumbnail windows in Exposé

In Snow Leopard, when using Exposé to show thumbnails of all windows, press Command-1 to arrange them by name or Command-2, by application.

Create a PDF with text that cannot be copied

To create a PDF with text that cannot be copied, choose Print> PDF> Save as PDF> Security Options, then check on "Require Password to Copy Text".

Do "Get Info" on multiple items simultaneously

In the Finder, to show a “Get Info” summary of all selected items, vs. each item individually, press Option and choose File> Show Inspector.

Launch System Profiler from the Apple menu

To quickly launch System Profiler, hold the Option key and click the Apple menu. The first item, “About This Mac”, turns into “System Profiler”. Select it to launch.

Change your default printer

To change your default printer, open the Print & Fax system preference, Control-click the printer’s name and choose "Set Default Printer”.

Quickly open the Displays System Preference

To quickly open the Displays System Preference, hold down the Option key and press either of the brightness controls (F1 or F2) on your keyboard.

Access Front Row using just the keyboard

To launch Front Row without an Apple Remote, press Command+Escape. Use the up/down arrows, and Return to browse and play media and Escape to exit.

Easily put files back that were accidentally moved to Trash

In Snow Leopard, an item put in the Trash can be returned to its original location by Command-clicking it and choosing “Put Back” from the pop-up menu.

Quickly name files in any Save dialog box

In any Save dialog box, click the grayed-out name of a file listed in the expanded view to use that name for the file you are currently saving.

Change the position of the icons in your Mac’s menu bar

To move one of the icons (known as "menu extras") in your menu bar just click and drag it while holding down the Command key.

Use Exposé inside of Spaces

When viewing all of your Spaces, you can use Exposé to show every window within each space by pressing Fn-F9 on your keyboard.

Use the Tab key and Spacebar to navigate through dialog boxes

In a dialog box, press the Tab key to jump through each button choice.  When desired button is selected, press Space to activate.

Quickly look up the spelling of words

In most Mac apps, if you cannot remember how to spell a word type a few letters then press Esc for a pop-up list of suggestions.

Quickly empty locked items in the Trash

Hold down the Option key while emptying the trash to automatically empty everything in it, including items that may be locked.

Move all similar documents in Spaces

When setting up your Spaces, hold the Shift key and drag a document window to move all similar documents into a space at once.

Use Quick Look to show a photo slideshow

To show a full-screen slideshow of photos in the Finder, select them then type Command-Option-Y to do a Quick Look slideshow.

Quickly duplicate items in the Finder

In the Finder, to duplicate a file (or folder), hold Option while dragging it from one location to another, on the same drive.